term% cat index.txt
BIO(2) System Calls Manual BIO(2)
Bopen, Binit, Binits, Brdline, Brdstr, Bgetc, Bgetrune, Bgetd, Bungetc,
Bungetrune, Bread, Bseek, Boffset, Bfildes, Blinelen, Bputc, Bputrune,
Bprint, Bvprint, Bwrite, Bflush, Bterm, Bbuffered - buffered input/out‐
Biobuf* Bopen(char *file, int mode)
int Binit(Biobuf *bp, int fd, int mode)
int Binits(Biobufhdr *bp, int fd, int mode, uchar *buf, int size)
int Bterm(Biobufhdr *bp)
int Bprint(Biobufhdr *bp, char *format, ...)
int Bvprint(Biobufhdr *bp, char *format, va_list arglist);
void* Brdline(Biobufhdr *bp, int delim)
char* Brdstr(Biobufhdr *bp, int delim, int nulldelim)
int Blinelen(Biobufhdr *bp)
vlong Boffset(Biobufhdr *bp)
int Bfildes(Biobufhdr *bp)
int Bgetc(Biobufhdr *bp)
long Bgetrune(Biobufhdr *bp)
int Bgetd(Biobufhdr *bp, double *d)
int Bungetc(Biobufhdr *bp)
int Bungetrune(Biobufhdr *bp)
vlong Bseek(Biobufhdr *bp, vlong n, int type)
int Bputc(Biobufhdr *bp, int c)
int Bputrune(Biobufhdr *bp, long c)
long Bread(Biobufhdr *bp, void *addr, long nbytes)
long Bwrite(Biobufhdr *bp, void *addr, long nbytes)
int Bflush(Biobufhdr *bp)
int Bbuffered(Biobufhdr *bp)
These routines implement fast buffered I/O. I/O on different file
descriptors is independent.
Bopen opens file for mode OREAD or creates for mode OWRITE. It calls
malloc(2) to allocate a buffer.
Binit initializes a standard size buffer, type Biobuf, with the open
file descriptor passed in by the user. Binits initializes a non-stan‐
dard size buffer, type Biobufhdr, with the open file descriptor, buffer
area, and buffer size passed in by the user. Biobuf and Biobufhdr are
related by the declaration:
typedef struct Biobuf Biobuf;
Arguments of types pointer to Biobuf and pointer to Biobufhdr can be
used interchangeably in the following routines.
Bopen, Binit, or Binits should be called before any of the other rou‐
tines on that buffer. Bfildes returns the integer file descriptor of
the associated open file.
Bterm flushes the buffer for bp and returns Bflush's return value. If
the buffer was allocated by Bopen, the buffer is freed and the file is
Brdline reads a string from the file associated with bp up to and
including the first delim character. The delimiter character at the
end of the line is not altered, thus the returned string probably won't
be NUL-terminated. Brdline returns a pointer to the start of the line
or on end-of-file or read error. Blinelen returns the length (includ‐
ing the delimiter) of the most recent string returned by Brdline.
Brdstr returns a malloc(2)-allocated buffer containing the next line of
input delimited by delim, terminated by a NUL (0) byte. Unlike Brd‐
line, which returns when its buffer is full even if no delimiter has
been found, Brdstr will return an arbitrarily long line in a single
call. If nulldelim is set, the terminal delimiter will be overwritten
with a NUL. After a successful call to Brdstr, the return value of
Blinelen will be the length of the returned buffer, excluding the NUL.
Bgetc returns the next character from bp, or a negative value at end of
file. Bungetc may be called immediately after Bgetc to allow the same
character to be reread.
Bgetrune calls Bgetc to read the bytes of the next UTF sequence in the
input stream and returns the value of the rune represented by the
sequence. It returns a negative value at end of file. Bungetrune may
be called immediately after Bgetrune to allow the same UTF sequence to
be reread as either bytes or a rune. Bungetc and Bungetrune may back
up a maximum of five bytes.
Bgetd uses charstod (see atof(2)) and Bgetc to read the formatted
floating-point number in the input stream, skipping initial blanks and
tabs. The value is stored in *d.
Bread reads nbytes of data from bp into memory starting at addr. The
number of bytes read is returned on success and a negative value is
returned if a read error occurred.
Bseek applies seek(2) to bp. It returns the new file offset. Boffset
returns the file offset of the next character to be processed.
Bputc outputs the low order 8 bits of c on bp. If this causes a write
to occur and there is an error, a negative value is returned. Other‐
wise, a zero is returned.
Bputrune calls Bputc to output the low order 21 bits of c as a rune in
UTF format on the output stream.
Bprint is a buffered interface to print(2). If this causes a write to
occur and there is an error, a negative value (Beof) is returned. Oth‐
erwise, Bprint returns the number of bytes written. Bvprint does the
same except it takes as argument a va_list parameter, so it can be
called within a variadic function.
Bwrite outputs nbytes of data starting at addr to bp. If this causes a
write to occur and there is an error, a negative value is returned.
Otherwise, the number of bytes written is returned.
Bflush causes any buffered output associated with bp to be written.
The return is as for Bputc. Bflush is called on exit for every buffer
still open for writing.
Bbuffered returns the number of bytes in the buffer. When reading,
this is the number of bytes still available from the last read on the
file; when writing, it is the number of bytes ready to be written.
open(2), print(2), exits(2), utf(6),
Bio routines that return integers yield Beof if bp is not the descrip‐
tor of an open file. Bopen returns zero if the file cannot be opened
in the given mode. All routines set errstr on error.
Brdline returns an error on strings longer than the buffer associated
with the file and also if the end-of-file is encountered before a
delimiter. Blinelen will tell how many characters are available in
these cases. In the case of a true end-of-file, Blinelen will return
zero. At the cost of allocating a buffer, Brdstr sidesteps these
Only the low byte of Brdstr's delim is examined, so delim cannot be an
The data returned by Brdline may be overwritten by calls to any other
bio routine on the same bp.