term% cat index.txt
RUNE(2) System Calls Manual RUNE(2)
runetochar, chartorune, runelen, runenlen, fullrune, utfecpy, utflen,
utfnlen, utfrune, utfrrune, utfutf - rune/UTF conversion
int runetochar(char *s, Rune *r)
int chartorune(Rune *r, char *s)
int runelen(long r)
int runenlen(Rune *r, int n)
int fullrune(char *s, int n)
char* utfecpy(char *s1, char *es1, char *s2)
int utflen(char *s)
int utfnlen(char *s, long n)
char* utfrune(char *s, long c)
char* utfrrune(char *s, long c)
char* utfutf(char *s1, char *s2)
These routines convert to and from a UTF byte stream and runes.
Runetochar copies one rune at r to at most UTFmax bytes starting at s
and returns the number of bytes copied. UTFmax, defined as 4 in
<libc.h>, is the maximum number of bytes required to represent a rune.
Chartorune copies at most UTFmax bytes starting at s to one rune at r
and returns the number of bytes copied. If the input is not exactly in
UTF format, chartorune will convert to Runeerror (0xFFFD) and return 1.
Runelen returns the number of bytes required to convert r into UTF.
Runenlen returns the number of bytes required to convert the n runes
pointed to by r into UTF.
Fullrune returns 1 if the string s of length n is long enough to be
decoded by chartorune and 0 otherwise. This does not guarantee that
the string contains a legal UTF encoding. This routine is used by pro‐
grams that obtain input a byte at a time and need to know when a full
rune has arrived.
The following routines are analogous to the corresponding string rou‐
tines with utf substituted for str and rune substituted for chr.
Utfecpy copies UTF sequences until a null sequence has been copied, but
writes no sequences beyond es1. If any sequences are copied, s1 is
terminated by a null sequence, and a pointer to that sequence is
returned. Otherwise, the original s1 is returned.
Utflen returns the number of runes that are represented by the UTF
Utfnlen returns the number of complete runes that are represented by
the first n bytes of UTF string s. If the last few bytes of the string
contain an incompletely coded rune, utfnlen will not count them; in
this way, it differs from utflen, which includes every byte of the
Utfrune (utfrrune) returns a pointer to the first (last) occurrence of
rune c in the UTF string s, or 0 if c does not occur in the string.
The NUL byte terminating a string is considered to be part of the
Utfutf returns a pointer to the first occurrence of the UTF string s2
as a UTF substring of s1, or 0 if there is none. If s2 is the null
string, utfutf returns s1.